BERGER, VICTOR


BERGER, VICTOR
BERGER, VICTOR (1860–1929), U.S. journalist, socialist leader, and congressman. Berger was born in Nieder-Reh-bach, Austria. In 1880 he immigrated to the United States and settled in Milwaukee, where he taught German and also taught Sunday School at the Bnei Yeshuron synagogue. In 1892 Berger became editor of the Milwaukee Daily Vorwaerts, a German-language socialist paper, and in 1897 he helped to found the American Socialist Party. A conservative socialist influenced by the writings of Eduard Bernstein, Berger joined ranks with morris hillquit in opposing the influence of the communists and such radicals as daniel de leon in the socialist camp. In 1908 he became editor of the weekly Social Democratic Herald, which was later replaced by the daily Milwaukee Leader, a newspaper that he then headed until his death. In 1911 Berger was elected to Congress from Wisconsin, thereby becoming the first avowed socialist to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives, where he was known for his advocacy of labor legislation and social reform. His opposition to America's entry into World War I led the postmaster general to revoke the mailing privileges of his Milwaukee Leader on the grounds of its being a subversive journal, and Berger himself was indicted under the Espionage Act. A court conviction led to a 20-year sentence, as a result of which the House refused to seat him when he won the off-year election in 1918 and again the following year when he won in a rerun. In 1921, however, the Supreme Court reversed his conviction, and a year later, in consequence of this ruling and the general abatement of war hysteria, the House allowed him his seat which he continued to hold until 1928. At the time of his death he was chairman of the National Executive Board of the American Socialist Party.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Berger, Victor — ▪ American political leader born Feb. 28, 1860, Nieder Rehbach, Austria Hungary died Aug. 7, 1929, Milwaukee, Wis., U.S.       a founder of the U.S. Socialist Party, the first Socialist elected to Congress.       Berger immigrated to the United… …   Universalium

  • Berger, Victor (Louis) — born Feb. 28, 1860, Nieder Rehbach, Austria Hungary died Aug. 7, 1929, Milwaukee, Wis., U.S. Cofounder of the U.S. Socialist Party. He immigrated to the U.S. from Austria Hungary in 1878, founded a German language newspaper in 1892, and edited… …   Universalium

  • Berger, Victor (Louis) — (28 feb. 1860, Nieder Rehbach, Austria Hungría–7 ago. 1929, Milwaukee, Wis., EE.UU.). Cofundador del Partido Socialista de EE.UU. Inmigró a este país desde Austria Hungría en 1878, fundó un periódico en alemán en 1892 y dirigió el Social… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Victor Berger — Victor Berger, Foto und Titel eines Literary Digest Artikels von 1920 Victor Louis Berger (* 28. Februar 1860 in Nieder Rehbach, Österreich Ungarn; † 7. August 1929 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) war ein jüdisch amerikanischer Politiker und ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Victor Louis Berger — Victor Berger, Foto und Titel eines Literary Digest Artikels von 1920 Victor Louis Berger (* 28. Februar 1860 in Nieder Rehbach, Österreich Ungarn; † 7. August 1929 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) war ein jüdisch amerikanischer Politiker und ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Victor L. Berger — Victor Louis (Luitpold) Berger (February 28, 1860 ndash; August 7, 1929) was an American politician, a major part of the Sewer Socialist movement, and a founding member of the Socialist Party of America. In 1919 he was convicted of violating the… …   Wikipedia

  • Víctor — (del lat. «victor», vencedor) m. e interj. Vítor. * * * víctor. (Del lat. victor, vencedor). interj. vítor. U. t. c. s. * * * Víctor, san ► Nombre de varios papas y antipapas. ► Víctor I, san (m. 199) Pontífice romano en 189 199. Combatió el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • victor — /vik teuhr/, n. 1. a person who has overcome or defeated an adversary; conqueror. 2. a winner in any struggle or contest. 3. a word used in communications to represent the letter V. [1300 50; ME < L, equiv. to vic , var. s. of vincere to conquer… …   Universalium

  • Victor — /vik teuhr/, n. 1. an ancient Roman epithet variously applied to Jupiter, Mars, and Hercules. 2. Mil. the NATO name for a class of nuclear powered Soviet attack submarines. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Berger Victor Louis… …   Universalium

  • Victor L. Berger — Victor Berger, Foto und Titel eines Literary Digest Artikels von 1920 Victor Louis Berger (* 28. Februar 1860 in Nieder Rehbach, Österreich Ungarn; † 7. August 1929 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) war ein jüdisch amerikanischer Politiker und ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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